Russian orthodox dating rules
But one point of difference is the period leading up to Christmas."We're used to here [in Australia] having the lead-up to Christmas as a time of celebration, with Christmas parties and things like that," Father Morozow said.While each Orthodox Christian country has its own unique traditions, they all include church services and great feasts.Many have their own version of Santa Claus too, like in Russia where Ded Moroz (Grandfather Frost) and his granddaughter Snegurochka (Snow Maiden) deliver presents to the children.
The patriarchates of Constantinople, Alexandria, and Antioch, for example, present only shadows of their past glory.For the East, the highest authority in settling doctrinal disputes was the ecumenical council.At the time of the Schism of 1054 between Rome and Constantinople, the membership of the Eastern Orthodox Church was spread throughout the Middle East, the Balkans, and Russia, with its centre in Constantinople, which was also called “New Rome.” The vicissitudes of history have greatly modified the internal structures of the Eastern Orthodox Church, but even today the bulk of its members live in the same geographic areas.Theological differences could have been settled if the two areas had not simultaneously developed different concepts of church authority.The growth of Roman primacy, based on the concept of the apostolic origin of the church of Rome, was incompatible with the Eastern idea that the importance of certain local churches—Rome, Alexandria, Antioch, and, later, Constantinople—could be determined only by their numerical and political significance.
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The Julian calendar took effect under the reign of Julius Caesar in 45BC.